Microbial fertilizer, also known as biological fertilizer, is a type of fertilizer that is domestically produced or imported and widely used in high-tech agriculture in many countries, including Vietnam. The raw materials and industrial processes used to make microbial fertilizer are the same as those used to produce biological fertilizers, but they contain one or more living strains of microorganisms that remain active when applied to the soil. Microbial fertilizer is essentially a product containing beneficial microorganisms. There are many groups of beneficial microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes that are used as fertilizers. Among them, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphorus-solubilizing bacteria, organic matter decomposers, and plant growth-promoting microorganisms are important.
Composting? Nowadays, agricultural production has become a focus of attention not only at the national level but also on a global scale. Agricultural production in Vietnam contributes 24% to GDP, 30% to export volume, and creates jobs for 60% of the country’s workforce. However, it is clear that agricultural production has not been given due attention to environmental protection. Clean agricultural production and the improvement of the quality of agricultural products to ensure food safety and environmental friendliness are the goals of the agricultural sector in general and farmers in particular. One effective measure to achieve clean agricultural production is the widespread application of biological products and the use of organic microbial fertilizers to replace plant protection chemicals and chemical fertilizers that have negative impacts on the environment. What is microbial fertilizer?