Composting? Nowadays, agricultural production has become a focus of attention not only at the national level but also on a global scale. Agricultural production in Vietnam contributes 24% to GDP, 30% to export volume, and creates jobs for 60% of the country’s workforce. However, it is clear that agricultural production has not been given due attention to environmental protection. Clean agricultural production and the improvement of the quality of agricultural products to ensure food safety and environmental friendliness are the goals of the agricultural sector in general and farmers in particular. One effective measure to achieve clean agricultural production is the widespread application of biological products and the use of organic microbial fertilizers to replace plant protection chemicals and chemical fertilizers that have negative impacts on the environment. What is microbial fertilizer?

Microbial fertilizer, also known as biological fertilizer, is a type of fertilizer that is domestically produced or imported and widely used in high-tech agriculture in many countries, including Vietnam. The raw materials and industrial processes used to make microbial fertilizer are the same as those used to produce biological fertilizers, but they contain one or more living strains of microorganisms that remain active when applied to the soil. Microbial fertilizer is essentially a product containing beneficial microorganisms. There are many groups of beneficial microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes that are used as fertilizers. Among them, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphorus-solubilizing bacteria, organic matter decomposers, and plant growth-promoting microorganisms are important.

There are many types of microbial fertilizers such as nitrogen-fixing microbial fertilizers (also known as nitrogen-fixing biological fertilizers), phosphorus-solubilizing microbial fertilizers, cellulose-degrading microbial fertilizers, organic microbial fertilizers, etc. All of these types provide and supplement nutrients to plants in regulated amounts to increase the yield and quality of agricultural products. The use of safe microbial fertilizers does not have any adverse effects on humans, animals, or the surrounding ecological environment. Which types of plants are suitable for microbial fertilizers? Microbial fertilizers can be used for all types of plants from fruit trees, vegetables, ornamental plants to industrial crops. For short-term crops: microbial fertilizer is mainly used as a lining fertilizer. For vegetable crops: 10 – 15kg/acre For seasonal crops: after each harvest, additional supplements are needed. For fruit trees and perennial plants: loosen the soil around the roots with a hoe, sprinkle the fertilizer on top and then cover with a layer of topsoil (ratio 1-2…)